Melasma, psoriasis, and dandruff are just a few of the common skin conditions that affect thousands of people. While all are skin ailments, each one has different causes, symptoms, and remedies.


The Who, What and Why of Melasma

Melasma occurs more in women’s skin than men’s skin. As a matter of fact, just 10 percent of the population who get melasma are of the male gender. Those ladies with darker skin, such as Indian, Hispanic, Middle Eastern and Asian, are more likely to get melasma.

While its exact cause is unknown, the medical community believes that melasma happens when the color-producing skin cells generate too much color. These skin cells are known as melanocytes, and people with a darker skin color have more melanocytes than their counterparts. It is believed that common triggers include sun exposure and a change in hormones. The hormonal change in pregnant women, hormone replacement therapy and taking birth control pills are all triggers for melasma.

What does it look like? Melasma appears as gray or brown patches commonly on the facial areas, such as the forehead, above the upper lip, on the chin and cheeks. Today, there are many melasma treatments to get rid of those ugly patches. Common treatments include hydroquinone, corticosteroids and other topicals applied to the skin.

More and more, dermatologists are recognizing that topicals like glycolic acid and kojic acid can help lighten melasma with natural skin care products like HYKO.


The Why’s and Fixes for Psoriasis

Although psoriasis is a skin condition, its causes are different than melasma. Psoriasis occurs due to faulty immune system signals. These faulty signals cause the skin cells to grow too fast, and the body doesn’t shed the cells that pile up on a skin with lesions. While there are five types of psoriasis, these annoying patching often develop on the lower back, elbows, scalp, and knees. Patches are often thick and scaly and take on a red or white color. Unlike melasma, psoriasis occurs equally in females and males, and Caucasians develop it more frequently than other races, such as African Americans.

There’s no cure for psoriasis, only treatment management. Treatment typically includes phototherapy and the use of moisturizing topicals. Dermatologists recommend using natural skin care serums or moisturizers that keep the skin moist. This way, flaking is avoided. Over-the-counter skin care moisturizers like HYKO have soothing ingredients for psoriasis, such as aloe vera extract and jojoba oil.


The Causes and Remedies for Dandruff

Dandruff is most often caused by an excess of sebaceous secretions or the active presence of a yeast known as Malassezia Globosa. While the epidermis of most people replaces its cells on a regular basis, those with dandruff replace cells less frequently. The end result is larger flakes of white, greasy scalp cells called dandruff. Dandruff can be a frustrating and embarrassing condition.

Treatment typically entails using a good shampoo that included selenium sulfide and zinc pyrithione. While doctors can write up a prescription for dandruff shampoos, the over-the-counter brands perform just as well. Like psoriasis, there’s no cure for dandruff, but it can be controlled.

Some dandruff sufferers have even found relief through using natural ingredients. Yogurt, lemon juice, ginger root, and vinegar are just of the few natural remedies used. Ginger has medicinal properties has been shown to be effective for dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, cradle cap and even scalp psoriasis. All you need to do is crush about three ginger lobes and extract the juice. Mix the juice with some olive oil and massage the scalp gently with your fingertips.

While melasma, psoriasis, and dandruff have their differences, there’s one thing they have in common – an unsightly look.